ADEME

Agence de l'Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l'Energie

Introduction

The French Agency for the Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) is a public body of an industrial and commercial nature under the joint supervision of the French Ministries for Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and sea (MEEDDM) and for Higher Education and Research. ADEME is the point of reference and privileged partner for the general public, companies and local authorities, acting as the State’s tool to generalise the best practices designed to protect the environment and energy saving.

Funding in industrial biotechnology

ADEME managed and financed the National Bioproducts Research and Development Programme, called AGRICE. As such AGRICE was dealing with biotechnological industrial research projects in the fields of energy, chemicals and materials. Between 1994 and 2007, AGRICE managed 52 biotechnological projects mainly focused on fermentation process improvement for liquid biofuels and chemicals, enzymatic process and biocatalysis, proteins and gene expression. Up to now, around 30% of AGRICE budget has been devoted to biotechnology research projects.

AGRICE has structured bioproduct research in France and acts as a national platform between agriculture, public research and industry stakeholders. The AGRICE network includes more than 300 actors.

Since 2005 ADEME has also managed the National Bioenergy Research and Development Programme (PNRB) for the French National Research Agency (ANR). The PNRB calls for proposals are devoted to research for biofuels and other bioenergies from lignocellulosic biomass. In particular, these calls focus on biomass pre-treatment, enzyme production, cellulose enzymatic hydrolysis, hexose and pentose alcoholic fermentation, biogas, hydrogen and lipids from micro-organisms. For the period 2005 – 2007, the PNRB global budget was 23 M€. The part devoted to the biotechnological way was 40 %.

Since 2008 ADEME has been managing and funding a new R&D programme named “BIP” (“Bioresources, Industry, Performances”) concerning both first generation biofuels, bioproducts and biomass energy processes. By saving both biomass and energy and by reducing negative impacts, the aim of this programme is to improve the performance of existing biomass transformation processes, to conceive new performing processes and new outlets for the biomass. An industrial leadership of the project is requested. In 2008 seven projects were selected and funded by ADEME.